For buyer outside US, please note custom charges, if any, are not included in the item price or shipping charges. Buyers will be responsible for custom clearance and potential tariff. The amount of tariff is composed of two parts. Part one is approximately 1% to 5% of the total price (item price + shipping price). Part two is VAT, which is in most cases can be deducted in your business tax. Feel free to contact us for any questions.